In layman terms venom is “a poisonous substance secreted by animals such as snakes, spiders, and scorpions and typically injected into prey or aggressors by biting or stinging.” Largely the venoms of snake species is totally different, they show totally different variations in various species depending totally on their different ancestry, prey, and environments.
Constituents of Venom
Venom is the secretion that is secreted by venomous creatures, and is synthesized their body. Most of the venoms are advanced mixture of variety of proteins, peptides, enzymes, toxins and non-protein inclusions.
Snake Poisons can be used for the below.
Heart attacks/ strokes
- These medications use proteins that dissolve blood clots.
- Different snakes carry different proteins that concentrate on differing types of cancers. One macromolecule, referred to as Crotoxin has been found within the South yankee rattler.
- Contortrostatinis another macromolecule found in venoms which fight against cancer.
- A macromolecule referred to as Eristostatin has been found within the Asian Sand snake that has been found to assist people’s immune systems against skin cancer.
- Proteins in venom can be utilized in fighting diseases like bronchial asthma, Parkinson’s un-wellness, Alzheimer’s unwellness, and bound pain disorders.
SOME OF THE SNAKES USED FOR MEDICINAL PURPOSES
Venom from rattlesnakes contains a chemical called crotoxin. Researches tell that venom has the unique combination of targeting and toxicity in crotoxin to create a cancer treatment, called CB24. CB24 finds and kills tumor cells that are growing out of control.
REDUCE BLOOD PRESSURE
The venom of Brazilian Pitviper contains a protein that fights against the angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE). ACE is responsible for high blood pressure in humans and mammals. Researchers converted the venom into a non-toxic ACE-blocker, used to treat high blood pressure. Today, millions of Americans take this medicine, to reduce the risk of kidney disease, stroke, and diabetes.
CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM DISORDERS
The black mamba snake is known for killing any person with just two drops of its venom. Its neurotoxins, impairs the central nervous system. The researchers at Puerto Rico’s Universidad Central del Caribe are investigating how these chemicals work in order to use them in future treatments for diseases, such as Alzheimer’s and Parkinson’s.
You can’t have anti venom without venom. But the process of collecting venom and developing an antidote is laborious. Specialists “milk” a snake by extracting its venom and collecting it in a bowl, then freeze dry it. Then an animal of choice is injected with a small amount of the venom; after a few weeks, researchers draw its blood and extract the antibodies it developed to fight the poison. Enzymes cut out the active ingredient from the rest of the antibody, and then the final product is dried or turned into a liquid for human use.